Vietnam is a country with a tropical climate, natural abundance of Vietnam has given a lot of delicious fruits and attractions. Including a lot of different fruits and there are very specific types only in Vietnam, it contributes to the attractiveness of Vietnam fruit
Lychee unique Vietnam fruit
Lychee has been traditionally cultivated in Thanh Ha district of Hai Duong province. But now the most famous one belongs to Thieu (Luc Ngan) lychee of Bac Giang.
Lychee is a native plant of south China/northern Vietnam. The climate of northern Vietnam is quite suitable for the growing lychee trees. The lychee tree is round-topped and slow growing with smooth, gray, brittle trunk and limbs. Lychees are eye-catching in spring when huge sprays of flowers cover the tree and in summer with reddish-colored fruits. Its fruits are borne in loose clusters of 3 to 50 fruits, round to oval and 25 to 38 mm in diameter. The edible portion (aril) is white, translucent, firm and juicy, with excellent subacid flavor, which is sweet, fragrant and delicious while the skin is leathery, with small, short, conical or rounded protuberances. Fruit contains one shiny, dark brown seed, usually relatively large, but it may be small and shriveled (called chicken-tongue) in some cultivars. When I was a small child, lychee’s seed is used to play spinning tops by putting a stick through the seed and spin the stick.
In Viet Nam, there are many tasty varieties of pomelo. Ordinarily, the pomelo is named for the locality where it is grown. For example, Doan Hung pomelo (Phu Tho Province) in the north, in Phuc Trach pomelo (Ha Tinh Province) in the central, Green skin pomelo (Ben Tre Province) and Nam Roi pomelo (Dong Thap Province). The largest citrus has very strong nutritional value, including their vitamins, minerals, and organic compounds like vitamin C, potassium, dietary fiber, vitamin B6, and magnesium. Its flavor not only makes you feel fresh, but also can help you lose weight.
No better word than marvelous can be used to praise the tropical fruit with the name Vu Sua (milk from the breast). Upon entering a star apple orchard, the most famous located in Can Tho Province in the Mekong River Delta, visitors can see for themselves the hundreds of star apples suspended from the branches. The round smooth fruit are all of equal size. The shape of the star apple matches the name attached to it, as does its juice which is fragrantly sweet and milky white like breast milk.
Knowing how to enjoy the fruit is an art. Before eating, you must squeeze the tough fruit until it becomes tender, then drill a small hole at the top of the fruit, and drink the flow of the fragrant juice as a baby sucks milk from its mother’s breast. It is because the juice mixes with the meat of the fruit to become a sweet and fragrant muddy substance that looks like breast milk.
Famous star apple are from Tien Giang – a Mekong delta province under brand name of Vu sua Lo Ren. Harvesting time of star apple is from lunar October this year to April next year.
The name and the shape of this fruit do not look attractive to those who first see it. The fruit is a bit smaller than a tennis ball and has a dark violet rough skin. When you peel off the upper part of the fruit with a small sharp knife, you can see the transparent white pulp inside arranged in equal segments. While lifting each segment of the transparent white meat to your mouth you can imagine the light and pure refreshment that leaves a little sour taste lingering in your mouth. Mangosteen is a specialty of Binh Duong province with famous brand name of Lai Thieu mangosteen which is different from other names by it thinner skin and light sweet flavor.
Jackfruits contain a lot of sugar and calories. They grow on every part of the tree: the trunk, branches, and even on the roots. Jackfruit trees bear approximately 150 to 200 fruits per year. When the fruit are ripe, their pulp is yellow and sweet, containing a lot or little juice depending on the species. Jackfruits without seeds are planted densely in the Mekong Delta region.
There are several other species of jackfruits divided into two main groups: hard jackfruits with hard and crunchy flesh, and soft jackfruits with soft flesh and a lot of juice. Jackfruits are not only for dessert but also ingredients for jackfruit sticky rice with coconut milk sauce and jackfruit ice-cream.
Green dragon is the name of a newly cultivated fruit. It is rather big, weighs from 200 to 500 grams, and has pink or dark-red color. When ripe, the fruit peels as easily as a banana. Its pulp is white and gelatinous. The pulp contains many seeds that cannot be extracted. The seeds taste like cactus, giving the fruit a sweet and sour taste.
Before 1945, green dragon fruits were not sold in southern markets. It is said that Americans brought green dragon fruits to the south. From Phan Thiet to Nha Trang or from Ninh Hoa to Buon Ma Thuot, bushes of green dragon fruits can be seen climbing to tree trunks in gardens and even on doors.
Different from any other southern fruit, its harvest season is particular; fruits become available in markets in October, November, April, and May. They are more expensive in October and April, since there are smaller quantities available. Dragon fruits are found popular in daily salads, smoothie, and fruits mixed with yoghurt.
Mangoes or xoai in Vietnam are grown in most southern provinces. The most reputed mangoes come from Cao Lanh District in Dong Thap Province.
Mangoes are divided into several kinds, known locally as xoai cat, xoai tuong, xoai xiem and xoai ngua to cite just a few. The finest mangoes are xoai cat. This type of fruit has a bright yellow peel, a round shape, and weighs as much 0.5 kilograms. The meat is considered sweeter and more fragrant than that of other varieties.
Mangoes in Vietnam are not only fresh and delicious when eating them alone, but they also go well with crepe owing to its genuinely sweet flavor. In Vietnam, mango crispy pickled is an indispensable accompaniment in winter snail dishes.
All above are typical Vietnam fruits which you should not miss enjoying when visiting Vietnam. However, our northern neighbor also exports their fruit products into Vietnam however not fresh enough, full of preservative agent and difficult to differentiate from those of Vietnam. This is the reason why I note some original places where our typical fruits are planted and you can buy the most genuine ones, especially for the northern region. Below I will give you some information about famous fruit gardens throughout Vietnam where you can explore and give it a try with hundreds of kinds of fruits.